Musli is a valued gift from the nature to human kind.
Safed Musli is used in maufacture of many ayurvedic,
alopathic and unanai medicines. Safed Musli have annual
demand around 35000 MT while only 15000 MT is produced.
Basically this divine herb was available in abundance
in our forests but due to unplanned and improper use
of forest properties, this herbs is in the verge of
disappearance. Safed Musli has natural oil, which is
good manure for good and robust health and ideal for
mother hood. It is also used in production of Chawanprash.
Safed Moosli is a Hindi term for botanical herb
name Chlorophytum Borivilianum.
Safed Musli is an annual herb with Tubers, Crown, Leaf
and Flowers as different parts. Naturally occurs in
forests of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharastra States
which are listed in the rare species of India. There
are around 256 varieties of Chlorophytum in the world
which are yet known. In India, we have around 17 of
them, of which, borivilianum has got a good market demand.
Safed Musli was originally grown in thick forest in
natural form, and is a traditional medicinal plant.
Mainly its tuberous roots are used in ayurvedic medicines.
Roots are used for the preparation of nutritive tonic
used in general sexual weakness. Now-a-days, there is
a very vast demand all over the world (Specially
gulf countries and cold countries). Due to
its vast demand it is very costly. Safed Musli is a
herb with sub-erect leaves and tuberous root system.
It can grow upto a maximum height of 1.5 ft. Tubers
can grow upto a depth of 10". Safed Musli is a
tiny annual herb that grows well in tropical and sub-tropical
climates with altitudes upto 1500 meters. Safed Musli
has its origin in the India Subcontinent.
- Botanical name : Chlorophytum Borivilianum
- Application / Use : Tonic
- Growth of roots : Tubberous
- Seeds : Black triangular two seeds present in single
- Class : Monocotyledons
- Series : Coronarieae
- Family : Liliaceae
- Genus : Chlorophytum
- Species : Borivilianum
- Flowering : + P (3+3) A 3+3, G White colour
- Crop Maturity : 10 to 11 months duration
Names in other languages
- Shaqaqule - (In Arabic)
- Dholi Musli - (In Gujrati)
- Khiruva - (In U.P.)
- Safed Musli - (In Hindi & Marathi)
- Shedheveli - (In Malyalam)
- Swetha Musli - (In Sanskrit & Telgu)
- Taniravi Thang - (In Tamil)
Chemistry of Safed Musli
- Carbohydrates (35-45%)
- Proteins (5-10%)
- Fibre (25-35%)
- Saponins (2-20%)
- Alkaloids (15-25%)
The Saponins and Alkaloids present in the plant are
the primary source of its significant medicinal properties.
Farming of Safed Musli
During the last decade, some systematic efforts have
been made to popularise the cultivation of musli, which
shows that its cultivation is much more profitable
than many of the traditional crops.